Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form in English, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.
Copyrights for articles are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.
The authors authorize the publisher archive the article into databases and indexes, and permit the publisher apply name to the article.
All manuscripts should be prepared in MS-Word format, and submitted online. If you have any questions, please contact with the editor of the journal.
Paper Selection and Publication Process
a) Upon receipt of paper submission, the Editor sends an E-mail of confirmation to the corresponding author within 1-3 working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, your submission/email may be missed.
b) Peer review. We use double-blind system for peer-review; both reviewers and authors' identities remain anonymous. The paper will be peer-reviewed by three experts; one is an editorial staff and the other two are external reviewers.
c) Notification of the result of review by E-mail.
d) The authors revise paper and pay publication fee.
e) E-journal in PDF available on the journal's webpage, free of charge for download.
Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of both); decimal points (not commas); use a space for thousands (10 000 and above). We only accept manuscripts in English language.
Length of paper
3000-8000 words are preferred.
Title page is a separated page before the text. Provide the following information on the title page (in the order given). It should include:
Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Author's Names and Affiliations
Please indicate the given name and family name clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address, and telephone number of each author.
Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication and also post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
If the research is sponsored or supported by an organization, please indicate it.
General Rules for Text
Please use the following rules for whole text, including abstract, keywords, heading and references.
Front: Times New Roman; Size: 12
Paragraph Spacing: Above paragraph – 0 pt; Below paragraph – 4 pt
Line Spacing: fixed – 1.15
Heading 1: Times New Roman; Size-12; Bold;
Heading 2: Times New Roman; Size-12; Italic;
Heading 3: Times New Roman; Size-12;
Preparation of text
A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 150 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should therefore be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 8 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.
Subdivision of the Article
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1., 2., etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text.' Any subsection, ideally, should not be more than 600 words. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.
Figure Legends, Figures, Schemes
Present these, in this order, at the end of the article. They are described in more detail below. High-resolution graphics files must always be provided separate from the main text file.
Present tables, at the end of the article. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place description to tables below the table body. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.
The text size of formula should be similar with normal text size.
Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the authors.
Citations in the Text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Avoid citation in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
Citing and Listing of Web References
As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication.
a) Please present the Tables and Figures at the end of the paper.
b) Please avoid using footnotes. Change footnotes to endnotes. Insert "(Note 1, Note 2)" in normal text, and explain the note after References.
c) Please do not use any colors more than white and black in paper. The layout of paper is only in white and black.